This is a major rewrite of pam_krb5afs. Call it 2.x, for lack of a better term.

  • Compared to the earlier releases, this tree builds a single module which "knows" how to do everything which is knowable at compile-time.
  • Configuration options which can now be set as library defaults in the system-wide krb5.conf are now largely ignored by the module.

Standard options:

  • debug

Log debugging messages at LOG_DEBUG priority.

  • debug_sensitive

Even log passwords when logging debugging messages at LOG_DEBUG priority.

  • no_warn

When authenticating, don't warn the user about an expired password.

  • use_authtok

When changing passwords, never prompt for password data. Instead, use data stored by a previously-called module.

  • use_first_pass

When authenticating, never prompt for password data. Instead, use a password which was stored by a previously-called module.

  • try_first_pass

When authenticating, first try to authenticate using the password which was stored by a previously-called module. If it fails, then prompt for the correct password and try again.

Recognized options (in krb5.conf's appdefaults/pam section, and command-line):

  • always_allow_localname

Always allow the local user, as derived from the principal name being authenticated, to access the account, even when not explicitly listed in the .k5login file or its equivalent(s).

  • armor

Attempt to use a secondary credential cache for armoring exchanges with the KDC.

  • armor_strategy

Override how the module attempts to obtain credentials for use as armor. By default, the module supports these methods: keytab Use the default or configured keytab to get a service's TGT. pkinit Use anonymous PKINIT. The default list of methods, and their order, is noted in the manual pages.

  • banner=Kerberos

When changing passwords, tell users that they are changing their Kerberos passwords (unset to avoid using any term other than "password").

  • ccache_dir=/tmp

Directory in which to store ccache and ticket files.

  • ccname_template=FILE:%d/krb5cc_%U_XXXXXX

Location of the user's v5 ccache files. If not configured, the module will attempt to read the library's default.

  • chpw_prompt

Allow expired passwords to be changed during authentication attempts. While this is the traditional behavior exhibited by "kinit", it is inconsistent with the behavior expected by PAM, which expects authentication to (appear to) succeed and to have password expiration be flagged by the account management function. Some applications which don't handle password expiration will fail incorrectly if the user's password is correct but expired, and setting this flag attempts to work around the bug.

  • cred_session

Control whether or not pam_krb5 will create/remove credential caches when the calling application initializes or deletes PAM credentials. The module will do so when the application opens and closes the PAM session, and this is usually harmless, so it is typically enabled by default.

  • debug

debug = service1 service2

Log debug messages to syslog with priority LOG_DEBUG.

  • external

external = service1 service2

Attempt to reuse credentials stored in a ccache pointed to by the KRB5CCNAME variable in the PAM environment. This is mainly useful for situations where the calling application authenticated the user using GSSAPI, the user delegated credentials to the calling application, and you're using pam_krb5 to obtain a v4 Kerberos ticket via krb524, or AFS tokens. The calling application MUST ensure that KRB5CCNAME points to a ccache which should be used for the authenticating user. A default list of services can be set at compile-time.

  • ignore_afs

Disable the default behavior of attempting to obtain tokens for the local AFS cell on behalf of clients.

  • ignore_k5login

Disables additional authorization checks using the krb5_kuserok() function, which typically checks the user's .k5login file.

  • ignore_unknown_principals ignore_unknown_spn ignore_unknown_upn

Controls whether or not users with unknown principal names should trigger a PAM_IGNORE error instead of a PAM_USER_UNKNOWN error.

  • initial_prompt

Controls whether or not pam_krb5 should ask for the user's password, or let libkrb5 do it as needed.

  • keytab=/etc/krb5.keytab

Default keytab to use when validating initial credentials. Can be overridden at configure-time.

  • mappings = regex regex [regex regex...]

Specifies that pam_krb5 should derive the user's principal name from the Unix user name by first checking if the user name matches the first regex, and if it matches, formulating a principal name using the second regex. Multiple pairs of regular expressions can be used. For example,

mappings = ^EXAMPLE\\(.*)$ $1@EXAMPLE.COM

would map any user with a name of the form "EXAMPLE\whatever" to a principal name of "whatever @EXAMPLE.COM". This is primarily targeted at allowing pam_krb5 to be used to authenticate users whose user information is provided by winbindd. Note that this will frequently require the reverse to be configured by setting up an auth_to_local rule elsewhere in krb5.conf.

  • minimum_uid=NUMBER

Minimum UID which the user must have before will attempt to authenticate that user, otherwise it will ignore the user.

  • multiple_ccaches

Specifies that pam_krb5 should maintain multiple credential caches for the application, which sets credentials and opens a PAM session, but sets the KRB5CCNAME variable after doing only one of the two. This option is usually not necessary for most services, but the option is provided as a workaround.

  • no_validate

no_validate = service1 service2

Don't try to validate initial credentials.

  • no_user_check

Go ahead and authenticate users for whom getpwnam() returns no information. Credential cache and ticket files will be created and owned by the current user and group ID instead of the user's.

  • null_afs

Attempt to get credentials for AFS by guessing a service name of the form afs @REALM first, and then one of the form afs/cell @REALM, rather than proceeding in the opposite order.

  • pkinit_identity=LOCATION (Heimdal-specific)

Specify the location of the user's private key and certificate information, in the same format which would be passed to kinit as an argument for its -C/--pk-user command-line option.

  • pkinit_flags=NUMBER (Heimdal-specific)

Specify a flags value to pass to libkrb5, useful mainly for debugging.

  • preauth_options=OPT=VAL[,...] (MIT-specific)

Specify arbitrary preauthentication options to pass to libkrb5, useful mainly for debugging.

  • realm=REALM

Override the default realm.

  • subsequent_prompt

Controls whether or not pam_krb5 should just return the PAM_AUTHTOK when libkrb5 requests that pam_krb5 get information from the user.

  • tokens

tokens = service1 service2

Create a new AFS PAG and obtain AFS tokens during the authentication phase. By default, tokens are obtained for the local cell (and the cell which contains the user's home directory, if they're not the same).

  • token_strategy

Override how the module attempts to get credentials and set AFS tokens. By default, the module supports these methods:

* 2b
  Get krb5 credentials, and use the "2b" rxkad token format, which is only
  supported in OpenAFS 1.2.8 and later.
* rxk5
  Get krb5 credentials, and use the rxk5 token format, which may be
  supported in OpenAFS 1.6 and later.

The default list of methods, and their order, is noted in the manual pages.

  • trace

trace = service1 service2

Log libkrb5 trace messages to syslog with priority LOG_DEBUG, if the Kerberos implementation provides a means to let pam_krb5 do so.

  • use_shmem

use_shmem = service1 service2

Pass credentials from authentication to session management using shared memory instead of PAM data items. This allows authentication and session- managment to be performed in different processes, so long as the PAM environment is correctly propagated from one to the other. A default list of services can be set at compile-time.

  • validate_user_user

validate_user_user = service1 service2

If validation fails due to permissions problems, attempt to validate initial credentials using previously-obtained credentials in the default ccache.

Configuration file only:

  • afs_cells = cell1 cell2 cell3 cell4=afs/cell4 @EXAMPLE.COM

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