Created 2 years ago
Converter between the rpm, dpkg, stampede slp, and Slackware tgz file formats
Boyuan Yang committed 2 months ago
Please read alien's man page for general documentation.
The newest versions of alien are available at the alien home page; drop by
Other things you'll need:
To use alien, you will need several other programs. Alien is a perl
program, and requires perl version 5.004 or greater. If you use slackware,
make sure you get perl 5.004, the perl 5.003 in slackware does not work
To convert packages to or from rpms, you need the Red Hat Package Manager;
get it from Red Hat's ftp site. If your distribution (eg, Red Hat)
provides a rpm-build package, you will need it as well to generate rpms.
If you want to convert packages into debian packages, you will need the
dpkg, dpkg-dev, and debhelper (version 3 or above) packages, which are
available on http://packages.debian.org
To convert to/from stampede packages, you will need bzip2.
Attention, Slackware, Red Hat, and Stampede users: Bruce S. Babcock
<firstname.lastname@example.org> has put together an "alien-extra"
package of all the extra files you need to use alien on
a Red Hat or Slackware system. (Debian systems automatically have all
The Slackware version is at
The RedHat version is at
The Stampede version is at
Alien is really designed to be used to convert from alien file formats to
the packaging format used by the distribution you run it on. Of course,
it can also convert from your distribution's native format to alien
formats, or from one alien format to another. Do be warned though, that
if these latter types of conversions are done, the generated packages may
have incorrect dependancy information. This is known to be true if you
convert a rpm into a deb on a Red Hat system, for example. Even with
alien-extra installed, dpkg will be unable to properly calculate library
dependancies for the deb it is creating, and you will get a package
without any library dependancies.
Programs that use alien:
I know of one program that acts as a frontend to alien - kpackviewer is a
package viewer that can convert between package formats by using alien. Its
homepage is at http://www.momentus.com.br/users/hook/kpackviewer.html
Corel also appears to have (or had) something in Corel linux that
Please report any bugs in alien to the author:
Joey Hess <email@example.com>
It is helpful to provide a log of alien --veryverbose reproducing the
bug. I may also ask for the package that exposes the problem you saw.